Ultimate Tree Trimming Tips by Experts
They will surely need pruning at some point in their lives to allow them to fit into the environment. Lower tree limbs are normally removed to enable access to the canopy of the trees, for visual appeal and establish or improve views.
How much to prune
Rule of the thumb, never over prune! This may kill the tree, or make it appear very unpleasing. Roughly, 25% of the tree crown may be pruned annually. Cut the branches at a diagonal, following the same direction the tree bud is growing; and cut well above the bud. Declining or weak tree will need less pruning or none at all.
There Are Several Factors To Consider When Determining The Amount Of Pruning You Need To Do;
1) Species, age, condition, size, and placement of the tree you’re to prune. Many tree species branch relatively low near the ground, such as Magnolias, Dogwood, and Japanese Maple. Removing too much from the tree would greatly impact their appearance.
2) Consider also the current and mature height of the tree. For instance, the first 10 feet of a 100-foot oak tree’s will not have a big impact on the first 10 feet of a 12- foot tall crab-apple. If you remove too many lower tree limbs, you may affect the tree’s health.
3) The clearance needed above. The overhead space required to mow under a canopy is much lower than the overhead space needed for a UPS truck to pass comfortably.
Tree Trimming Tips of When To Prune
Time to prune greatly depends on why you prune. Removal of dead wood and light pruning can be done at any time. Otherwise, pruning time can be determined by the season.
1) Winter Pruning
It’s highly advisable to prune your trees during dormancy. This enhances active burst of new growth during spring and should be utilized if this is this the effect you desire.
It’s best that you wait till the coldest part of winter passes. Some tree species such as walnuts, birches, and maple, may “bleed”— when the sap starts to flow. This will cease when tree leafs out.
2) Summer Pruning
Reasons for summer pruning include;
- Pruning after completion of seasonal growth to direct your tree’s growth by slowing the growth of branches you don’t want; to slow “dwarf” the growth of a branch or tree
- Reduce total leaf surface, and hence reduce the amount of food produced and sent to the roots.
- For corrective purposes – Defective branches and limbs can be seen easily under the weight of the leaves.
Pruning to Enhance Flowering
To enhance flowering, prune trees that bloom in spring at a time when the flowers fade. Prune trees and shrubs that flower mid- to late summer in winter or early spring.
Prune to prevent damage
Check the growth patterns of your trees. You’ll want the permanent branches to be evenly space between 12” and 18” apart. It’s best you remove additional leaders when your tree is young. However, don’t prune off the lower branches.
These might not be permanent branches but will help in the development of a strong trunk, protect the tree’s bark from sun scald and give physical protection from machinery and animals. Remove any branches early when you notice that they are growing at a tight angle to the tree. A tight angle may cause the bark to overgrow, making the branch break and deform the tree, which can cause disease and pest issues.
Pruning shrubs and smaller trees, however, is a task most homeowners can complete.
When you start a large- pruning project, ask about how to prune smaller landscape plants. Good arborists must be just as conversant with a giant poplar removal as they are about the small ornamental plum at your sidewalk.
And when you are finished, consider what you are going to do with some or all of that yard waste. Did I here compost?
Any questions or comments, please state them below. We love to here from other gardeners.